Gender Roles are a result of Religion, Culture, and Tradition.

Education, and therefore economics also affect gender roles.

Gender: There are men, and there are women. There are differences between the two sexes, and they all begin with chromosomes.

Issues in gender begin when members of different sexes develop sociological differences.

The ideas that males and females differ socially change over time. For example, during colonial times in the Americas, blue was considered a delicate girl's color and pink was considered a young boy's color. Today pink is for girls. This could change.

In East Asia, as in most areas populated by humans the socio-differences between the sexes result in gender-imbalance. This means that one gender is treated unfairly, and the other gender is treated favorably. As the eastern world takes on more and more western traits in the process of modernization, women rise in status, and so does their potential to have opportunities equal to their male counterparts.

Gender, in common usage, refers to the differences between men and women. Encyclopædia Britannica notes that gender identity is "an individual's self-conception as being male or female, as distinguished from actual biological sex. Although gender is commonly used interchangeably with sex, within the social sciences it often refers to specifically social differences, known as gender roles. Historically, feminism has posited that many gender roles are socially constructed, and lack any clear biological basis. People whose gender identity feels incongruent with their physical bodies may call themselves transgender.
Many languages have a system of grammatical gender, type of noun class system — nouns may be classified as masculine or feminine (for example Spanish, Hebrew, Arabic and French) and may also have a neuter grammatical gender (for example Sanskrit, German, Polish, and the Scandinavian languages).

Gender in East Asia
In recent decades the East Asia region has made tremendous strides in human and economic development, and poverty reduction. Probably more so than any other developing region, it has invested in human capital, successfully raised human development indicators, and narrowed the gender gaps in education and health.
Today, it is reaping the benefits of these investments, with record economic growth, and a population that is healthier, lives longer, and is afforded with greater employment opportunities than previous generations.
Primary education levels are close to parity, and all but a few countries have brought down maternal mortality. Laws highlighting legal reforms in the areas of land, labor and violence have been enacted and institutional reforms and policies for mainstreaming gender have been introduced. Despite these gains, important challenges remain:

· Maternal mortality rates are still strikingly high in some countries in the region. This is linked to the shortcomings in health systems, poor nutrition, the cost of health care, the lack of infrastructure and skilled personnel, and persistent cultural attitudes and practices – such as boy preference and limited contraception – that continue to impose a cost on women’s reproductive health.

· The epidemic proportion of gender-based violence underscores women’s overall vulnerability, the persistence of cultural norms, and the bias of current legal systems, the despair associated with poverty or economic shocks, skewed power relations, and the limited protection that exists for women.

· The increase in the trafficking of women and girls as a result of more integrated markets and the increase in labor migration opportunities. Each year, 200,000-225,000 women and children are trafficked in East Asia, representing a third of the global trafficking trade. Many are forced into the sex industry and subject to violence.

· As women’s participation tends to decrease at provincial and district levels, their participation in decentralized structures is proving a challenge. On the other hand, the women’s movement in civil society has been effective in voicing women’s concerns and has helped to bring about changes in legislation to reduce inequalities in many countries.

· Getting laws and institutions in place is undoubtedly an important step for women in East Asia. However, impact is limited unless these can be implemented and used effectively. Until then, traditional rights of marriage and inheritance will continue to undermine women’s access to land in many parts of the region, violence against women will continue to increase, and women will remain vulnerable in the workplace. And in a region of large scale labor mobility, the opportunities for human trafficking will increase almost unchecked.

Gender issues in:

China: Equality has improved greatly in the last 50 years. A preference for male children, poor health care and malnutrition still plague females in China. By 2020 China will have 30 to 40 million single me whith no wives available.

Mongolia: In Mongolia 60 percent of university students are women. It is thought that men can tend the animals but women need an ocupation intead of being married off to another family or working in the sewing mills.

Japan: Japan ignores the potential of it's well educated females so they seek jobs working for foreign companies. In Japan it is customary for women to quit their jobs when they become pregnant. So they are just deciding to not get married.

North Korea: Babies of North Korean women fathered by Chinese fathers are aborted or left to die.

South Korea: In South Korea the ratio of baby girls born to baby boys is starting to normalize. Women allowed into the workforce is the reason.

Tawain: In 2004, Tawain passed the Tawain Gender Equity Education Act.

Even the clothing of different sexes is different:

Look at those statistics!:
Wooosh, those statistics are...
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Mongolian Woman

Cultural Traits of Gender:

Many East Asian religions give less power and options to a female than to a male.

Females have a tendency to own many shoes, while guys own only a few shoes total.

Female infants are killed (infanticide) because male offspring are preferable.

Men obtain higher positions at work more easily than women do due to sexist feelings and assumptions.

In Japan, many men are joining clubs which are designed to teach males how to keep their wives and prevent divorce. This is a new fad.