Language - a language is a way of communicating. Languages can be written, or spoken, but cultures who do not write are considered preliterate and have a difficult time preserving their history, culture, and language in a pure state.

Dialect - languages shift and tweak themselves as they pass through different speakers. When two groups of speakers are isolated, either physically, politically, or culturally, dialects can form. For instance, City vrs. Country Japan. Dialects are regional variants of a language, and contain differences in vocabulary, syntax, pronunciation, cadence, and pace of speach.

Standard Languages and Offical Languages - are used to unify a country and secure power.

Language Convergence - languages combine.

Language Divergence - a language strips apart.

Language Replacement - a language dissappears beneath another language. This is often the case with preliterate languages.

Cultural ties, political strength, and outside influences have caused many language changes which have lead to the present distribution of languages in East Asia.

For example, due to land-bound influences, much of northern China speaks Mongolian and much of western China speaks Turkic and Tibetan. Politics and cultural ties have created two major eastern-central Chinses languages: Northern Mandarin and Southern Mandarin. Along the south-east coast of China is a spattering chain of languages created by politics, culture, religion, and sea-side influence.

Languages store cultural information. For example, an object's name may be a comparison of another object, or the everyday expressions may be carried for centuries.

Languages also meld and fluxuate to fit the times; languages are living organisms, and therefore one must often study them as such inorder to find answers to long-lost questions.

East Asia has many languages, but far more dialects.


Japan Japanese

North Korea Korean

South Korea Korean, (English known by Younger population)

Taiwan Mandarin, Taiwanese

Chinses Writing:

Dual-language system for tourists:

Dual-language system for viewers and producers:

A language in another language:

The art of writing (large-scale):