Religion - Religion and Culture are tightly tied. The signifigant difference between the two is that a religion is a belife system, and a culture's beliefe system is that the people do not believe in anything, and technically do not have a religion.

Religion can define, restrict, and create culture.

Universalizing Religions - want everyone: EVERYONE!!!!!

Ethnic Religions - do not want everyone, and are spacially concentrated. These religions usually spread through population increase and movement.


Religion can affect culture and the cultural landscape. For example, Taoism introduced Feng Shui to East Asia.



Religion in East Asia is both diverse and unifying.

Common religions in East Asia in clude Buddhism, Christianity, faithless, taoism, buddhism, and shinto.

Buddhism was brought to China and East Asia by Indian Monks. Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism are examples of universalizing religions which exist in East Asia.

Shintoism, and ethnic religion, focuses on ancestor worship and was very prevalent until WWII.

China: Daoism/Taoism, Buddhism (Officialy Atheist)

Mongolia: Buddhism Lamaist (40% are considered to have no religion)

Japan: Shinto and Buddhism are kept simultaneously and separately. -Shinto Shrines and Buddhist Temples-

North Korea: Buddhism, Confucianist

South Korean: 50% are considered to have no religion (Christianity, Buddhism)

Taiwan: Combination of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism

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Taoist Symbol

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Buddhist God

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Shinto on the Cultural Landscape

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Shinto Priest

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Confucious



China: Daoism/Taoism, Buddhism (Officialy Atheist)

Mongolia: Buddhism Lamaist (40% are considered to have no religion)

Japan: Shinto and Buddhism are kept simultaneously and separately. -Shinto Shrines and Buddhist Temples-

North Korea: Buddhism, Confucianist

South Korean: 50% are considered to have no religion (Christianity, Buddhism)

Taiwan: Combination of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism



Cultural Traits:

In China there are cemetaries which are mound style. Confucious 'resides' in such a burial ground. One type of mound graveyard consists of family plots where disceased family members are continually added to the mound.

Religion covers the ground and adds to the cultural landacape of Japan. There are Shinto Shrines all over Japan.

Buddhism is followed accross much of East Asia. Buddhist temples are seen across the mainland and island countries of East Asia.

Superstition and a belife of creatures living on earth in their afterlife leads to the creation of many tribal hangings and sitting objects to ward-off bad spirits. These creations are often found near dorways.

In Taiwan one may see a person practice three religions in one day. Someone may cite Confucious, pray to Buddha, and create a taoist talisman. Having multiple beliefe systems is quite common in Taiwan.